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India is a step away from gate-crashing into the super-exclusive club of countries with intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) with the successful "first pre-induction trial" of Agni-V that, with a range of over 5,000km, brings all of Asia, and thus China, within its nuclear strike capability. 

随着烈火五型的第一次预诱导实验的成功,印度距离加入“洲际弹道导弹国家联盟”{ICBMs}将只有一步之遥。烈火导弹拥有超过5000千米射程,这意味着它的射程涵盖了整个亚洲,当然,也包括中国。

Sources said India's most formidable missile will undergo one more pre-induction trial "within this year" before it is inducted into the Agni-V regiment already raised by the Tri-Service Strategic Forces Command (SFC) with the requisite command and control structures. 

三军战略部队司令部(SFC)已通过必要而可控的手段对烈火五型系列的结构进行升级,而知情人士称“在今年之内”印度目前最具杀伤力导弹将再一次进行预诱导实验,之后它将被加入烈火五型系列。

Once that happens, India will rub shoulders with the US, the UK, Russia, China and France. While a belligerent North Korea has, over the last six-seven months, rattled the US with tests of its two new ICBMs — Hwasong-14 and Hwasong-15 — expert opinion is divided on whether they are fully operational and deployed as of now. 

一旦成功,印度将从此与美国,俄罗斯,英国,中国,法国并驾齐驱。至于朝鲜,虽然在过去的六七个月里,它通过试射两款新洲际导弹——火星14和火星15不断对美国叫嚣,但是对于它是否已经完全具备军事能力以及是否已被部署,到目前为止专家们各持己见。

On Thursday, in its first pre-induction trial conducted by the SFC, the 17-metre Agni-V was launched from a canister atop the road-mobile launcher from Dr Abdul Kalam Island off Odisha at 9.53am. The three-stage missile zoomed to a height of over 600km in its parabolic trajectory and then splashed down around 4,900km away towards Australia in the Indian Ocean barely 19 minutes later. 

星期三,三军战略部队司令部(SFC)进行的第一次预诱导实验,在上午9点53长达17米的烈火五型从阿卜杜卡拉姆岛被运送至奥利萨邦,装着烈火五型的密封罐在移动式发射台上被发射。这发三节式导弹先是沿着抛物线轨道飞升至超过600千米的高度,然后在约19分钟之后降落在印度洋内距离澳大利亚约4900千米的地方。

The missile's canisterlaunch version makes it deadlier because it gives the armed forces the requisite operational flexibility to swiftly transport and fire the missile from anywhere they want. "Since the missile is already mated with its nuclear warhead before being sealed in the canister, it drastically cuts down the response or reaction time for a retaliatory strike...only the authorised electronic codes have to be fed to unlock and prime it for launch," said a source India, of course, wants a credible strategic deterrent against an aggressive and expansionist China, which has a large arsenal of nuclear-capable ballistic missiles. The SFC already has regiments of the Prithvi-II, Agni-I, Agni-II & Agni-III (see graphic) missiles, which are mainly meant to deter Pakistan. Agni-IV and Agni-V, in turn, have been developed with China in mind. 

火箭的罐式发射使火箭变得致命,因为它赋予了武装部队在运输导弹时必要的军事灵活性,使他们能在任何想要的地方点燃火箭。印度知情人士说:“这个火箭在被装进罐中密封前装载了核弹头,因此它大大缩短了报复性打击的反应时间...只需要电子密码就能够解锁并为发射做准备。”当然,这些都是为了对抗侵略主义和扩张主义国家中国,毕竟中国拥有庞大的核武器库。三军战略部队司令部(SFC)已经拥有了由普利特维2号,烈火1号,烈火2号,烈火3号构成的武器库,这些主要是为了对付巴基斯坦。而烈火4号和烈火五型相应的是为了对付假想敌中国。

Designed to carry a 1.5- tonne nuclear warhead, Agni-V has been tested four times in "developmental or experimental trials" earlier. The missile was tested in an "open configuration" in April 2012 and September 2013, while it was test-fired from hermetically sealed canisters mounted on transport-cum-tilting launcher trucks in January 2015 and December 2016. 

烈火五型被设计为能装载1.5吨核弹头,之前它已经进行了四次开发性和发展性试验。2012年4月和2013年9月进行了开放型配置试验,而在2015年2月和2016年12月在装有“运输与倾斜”发射架的卡车上进行了密封罐试射试验。

"The missile's flight performance was monitored by radars, range stations and tracking systems all through the mission. All mission objectives were successfully met. This successful test of Agni-V reaffirms the country's indigenous missile capabilities and further strengthens our credible deterrence," said a defence ministry official. Though the DRDO has often proclaimed it can develop missiles with strike ranges of 10,000km to match the Chinese DF-31A (11,200km) and DF-41 (14,500km) missiles, the Indian defence establishment believes Agni-V is sufficient to take care of existing threat perceptions. 

一位国防部官员说:"这次火箭飞行的整个过程的状况都被雷达,导航站,跟踪系统所监视。所有的指令都被成功完成。这次烈火五型火箭测试的成功证明了这个国家本身的武器才能,并且进一步加强了我们可靠的威慑力。”尽管国防研究与发展组织经常宣称应提高射程至10000千米以匹敌中国的东风31A(11200千米)和东风41(14500千米),印度防务圈相信烈火五型足够对付现有的威胁。

There is, however, interest in ongoing DRDO work on developing "manoeuvring warheads or intelligent reentry vehicles" to defeat enemy ballistic missile defence systems, as well as MIRVs (multiple independently targetable re-entry vehicles) for the Agni missiles. An MIRV payload means one missile can carry several warheads, each for different targets.

同发展多弹头分导重返大汽层运载工具(MIRVs)一样,我们目前对为烈火五型发展机动弹头或智能飞行器(DRDO)很感兴趣,它可以帮助我们击败敌人的弹道导弹。拥有了多弹头分导重返大汽层运载工具(MIRVs)意味着一枚导弹可以携带数个弹头,每个都可以飞向不同的目标。